At the time the tragedy occurred, a political government dominated by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and its rightwing ally the Jamaat-e-Islami was in power. Strangely enough, that government demonstrated little inclination toward taking the issue seriously and indeed appeared to be creating an entire ground to have the crime take a back seat to everything else.
Murder of Ivy Rahman
What became clear in August 2004 is that the grenade explosions that rocked the public rally of the Awami League, which ironically had called the meeting to protest political terrorism, were patently aimed at killing off the senior leaders of the party. It may be recalled that most of those leaders, including party chief and former prime minister Sheikh Hasina, had gathered on a truck, which made it a whole lot easier for the attackers to target their victims. In the event, what happened was that Sheikh Hasina, President of Bangladesh Awami League and the then leader of the opposition in Parliament, and some of her colleagues miraculously survived.
But among the 24 people killed was the senior Awami League politician Ivy Rahman.
Her death was a particular cause for shock since it made clear the intentions of those behind the plot.
As eyewitness accounts were to reveal in the days immediately following the attack on the Awami League rally, some individuals were seen hurling grenades at the rally from rooftops nearby.
But that was something the government was unwilling to accept. Indeed, it and many of those willing to buy its arguments put it about that the grenades had been hurled from the road on which the truck accommodating the AL leaders was positioned. That argument was of course roundly ridiculed. It was argued that no one could possibly hurl the grenades in the manner of what amounted to cricket bowling and then get away with it.
Mysteries and riddles
Indeed, a number of mysteries have remained unanswered since the tragedy occurred. A vehicle was noticed in the melee following the explosions. No one knows what happened to it. Then again, there have been persistent reports that a few unexploded grenades were found at the spot after the incident but these were later taken away and exploded. That was a way of doing away with evidence. Indeed, for such a heinous crime to be deprived of evidence and all clues that might lead to an arrest of suspects is unprecedented in the history of investigations.
The road where the crime occurred should have been kept intact and out of bounds insofar as the evidence was concerned. That it was not was to lead to a number of problems in future.
When the government asked crime experts from abroad, especially the FBI and Scotland Yard, to come in and contribute their bit, they found little they could build their case on. All the evidence had disappeared, which made it clear that the public demand for a meaningful inquiry into the tragedy was not going to be fulfilled. And that was precisely the way things happened. The indifference of the government toward a purposeful inquiry and nabbing of suspects involved was appalling.
Inquiry commission a non-starter
And yet the government made a show of launching an inquiry. A one-man judicial commission, meaning Justice Joynul Abedin, was set up and was expected to go into the details of the crime. The truth about the commission is that no one appeared to be enthusiastic about it. The judge received no response from the Awami League leadership, which felt the commission was a half-hearted measure on the part of the government.
As a result, Justice Abedin was forced to conduct his inquiry through visiting some victims of the grenade attack and then prepare a report. It does not appear that much of substance was put into the report.
No one was convinced by it, in light of the feeling that powerful elements in the government were themselves involved in the criminal act. In it, the work of local elements as also the influence of foreign enemies was mentioned. That was a diversionary tactic. No one bought the argument. No clear identity of those involved was given out. The report was submitted to the government. It never saw the light of day.
The twists and turns
Some bizarre twists were then given to the story. An individual named Joj Mia was taken under arrest by the police and charged with having caused the explosions on 21 August 2004. Almost everyone greeted reports of the arrest with disbelief. It was inconceivable that Joj Mia could have created the conditions that led to the mayhem. In other words, his arrest was laughed off and seen as a crude attempt to push the issue into a meaningless direction altogether.
That there was something fishy about the whole arrangement became clear when the media discovered that the authorities, while keeping Joj Mia in jail, paid a regular amount of money on a monthly basis to his family. The payment of money came to a stop as soon as the revelations relating to them became public knowledge.
Another twist to the Joj Mia story came through the allegation that Islamic fundamentalists were involved in the attack on Sheikh Hasina and her party colleagues.
Mufti Hannan’s name cropped up, but nothing happened, till that point, to convince the country that the crime was about to be solved. He was a deadly militant and Chief of banned terrorist organization Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami Bangladesh HuJI-B), who in a confessional statement revealed the direct involvement of BNP’s top leadership including Tarique Rahman, son of then prime minister Khaleda Zia.
The killings of 21 August 2004 were the worst incidents of political violence in independent Bangladesh since the assassination of the country’s Founding Father and the then President Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his family on 15 August 1975 and his four top colleagues on 03 November 1975 inside a prison, where they were detained illegally. A common thread binding the two incidents is that they were both aimed at decimating the leadership of Bangladesh Awami League, the party that led the country’s independence struggle.
Both attacks almost succeeded in their goals. For a long period of 21 years, no legal move was taken, owing to an ordinance indemnifying Bangabandhu’s killers from prosecution in a court of law, against the assassins. While that was not the case with the 21 August tragedy, it remains a fact that too much foot-dragging on investigating the case was resorted to.
The tragedy of 21 August has left deep scars on the conscience of the nation. It was proof, if proof were needed, of how an unabashedly partisan political government could look away from the need for justice and indeed feel little compunction in nurturing an indifferent attitude to the requirement of a thorough, impartial investigation.
The concept of rule of law demands that all crime committed anywhere and at any stage of the nation’s history be inquired into and resolved in the interest of justice and constitutional rule. Nineteen years after 21 August 2004, this idea still holds greater relevance for Bangladesh as the country is continuing the trial of war criminals of 1971 war of liberation and trying to bring back from abroad five self-confessed and convicted fugitive killers of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Read also: 15 August 1975: Murder of Bangladesh’s Founding Father – An evil attempt to murder Bangladesh, writes James Wilson